IT Fundamentals – Everything you need to know about IT

Requirements

  • Just a computer or a laptop
  • Desire to be in IT field

Description

Whether you are new to the computers or just want to brush up on your skills, this course provides information technology literacy and basic skills training for learners with limited experience. Course learning outcomes focus on skill development related to basic computer operations and information technology.  This course is highly recommended to those who are entering into IT field and for those who want to improve their computer skills in oder to enhance their work productivity.

In this course, each numbered section covers related computer skills divided into Learning Activities

Here is the list of topic that will be covered in the course:

Section 1 – Introduction to IT

  • True meaning of IT
  • Importance of IT
  • What is a computer?
  • Computer language (0 and 1 concept)
  • Quiz and handouts

Section 2 – Computer Components

  • Hardware
  • Software or operating system
  • Application software
  • Networking
  • Database
  • Storage
  • Virtualization and Cloud
  • Security
  • Quiz, handouts and homework

Section 3 – Hardware

  • Different types of computers
  • RAM and installing RAM
  • CPU, CPU cores and sockets
  • Installing CPU
  • 32 vs. 64-bit processing
  • Hard disk drive
  • Motherboard
  • Other internal parts of a computer (Fan, power supply, CDROM etc.
  • External components of a computer (Keyboard, monitor, mouse, printer etc.)
  • Hardware manufacturers
  • Computer comparison with human body
  • Quiz, handouts and homework

Section 4 – Operating System

  • Types of operating systems
  • Function of OS
  • Building OS
  • CLI vs. GUI operating systems
  • Computer boot process
  • OS file systems management
  • Quiz, handouts and homework

Section 5 – Software

  • Software and types of software
  • System software
  • Application software
  • Freeware and shareware
  • Open-source software
  • BIOS and Accessing
  • Program and services
  • Quiz and handouts

Section 6 – Networking

  • How computers communicate
  • IP address (Static vs. DHCP)
  • TCP/IP
  • Gateway
  • Subnet mask
  • Computer MAC address
  • OSI layer
  • OSI vs. TCP/IP
  • Protocols and Ports
  • Types of Network Devices (Hub, Switch, Modem, Router, Access point)
  • How internet works
  • Quiz and handouts

Section 7 – Database

  • Database introduction
  • What is RDBMS?
  • What is SQL?
  • Top 5 RDBMS using SQL
  • Quiz and handouts

Section 8 – Storage

  • Computer storage introduction
  • How storage is calculated (KB, MB, GB etc.)
  • Types of computer storage
  • Difference between RAM, SWAP, Virtual Memory, Cache etc.
  • Hard Disk and Solid-State drives
  • RAID
  • Hardware RAID vs. software RAID
  • Top data storage vendors
  • Quiz and handouts

Section 9 – Virtualization and Cloud

  • Introduction to virtualization
  • How virtualization works?
  • Basic virtualization terms
  • Benefits of virtualization
  • Difference between virtualization and cloud
  • Virtualization technology companies
  • VMWare workstation player installation
  • Oracle VirtualBox installation
  • Setting up virtual machines (VM)
  • Quiz and handouts

Section 10 – Security

  • Types of security breach
  • Types of security threat
  • Comparing house security with computer security
  • Securing all Operating Systems
  • Security implementation tools
  • Physical server security
  • Application and DB encryption
  • Quiz and handouts

Section 11 – Windows Operating Systems Management

  • Version of Windows OS
  • Download and install Windows
  • Windows system access
  • File system and description
  • User account management
  • System resource monitoring
  • Windows event logs
  • Server manager dashboard
  • Check system hardware through device manager
  • Roles and features
  • Active directory and domain controller
  • Quiz and handouts

Section 12 – Linux Operating Systems Management

  • Linux distributions
  • Download and install Linux (CentOS)
  • Accessing Linux
  • Download and install Putty client
  • Access Linux VM via Putty
  • File system structure and description
  • File system navigation commands
  • Directory listing overview
  • Creating files and directories
  • System utility commands
  • System monitoring commands
  • System maintenance commands
  • Quiz and handouts

Section 13 – Troubleshooting Concepts

  • Follow policies and standards
  • Documentation or ticking process
  • Patience to work with user and groups
  • Quiz and handouts

Section 14 – Additional Resource

Who this course is for:

  • Beginners who have just graduated from school or college
  • Anyone who wants to switch career to IT
  • Parents who wants to educate their kids about a computer or IT
  • Senior citizens who wants to learn about computer in a very simple way

Introduction

1
Introduction
2
Course overview
3
True Meaning of IT
4
Importance of IT
5
What is a Computer?
6
Computer Language (0 and 1 Concept)
7
Quiz
4 questions
8
Handouts
9
Homework

Computer Components

1
Welcome to Computer Components
2
Hardware
3
Software or Operating System
4
Application Software
5
Networking
6
Database
7
Storage
8
Virtualization
9
Cloud
10
Security
11
Quiz
9 questions
12
Handouts
13
Homework

Hardware

1
Welcome to Computer Hardware
2
Different Types of Computers
3
RAM (Random Access Memory)
4
Antistatic Wrist Band
5
Installing RAM
6
CPU, CPU Cores and Sockets
7
Installing CPU
8
32 vs. 64 bit Processing
9
Hard Disk Drive
10
Motherboard
11
Other Internal Parts of a Computer (Fan, Power Supply, CDROM etc.)
12
External Components of a Computer (Keyboard, monitor, mouse, printer etc.)
13
Hardware Manufacturers
14
Computer Comparison with Human Body
15
Quiz
13 questions
16
Handouts
17
Homework

Operating Systems

1
Welcome to Computer Operating System
2
Type of Operating Systems
3
Function of Operating System
4
Building Operating Systems
5
CLI vs. GUI Operating Systems
6
Computer Boot Process
7
OS File Systems Management
8
Quiz
11 questions
9
Handouts
10
Homework

Software

1
Welcome to Computer Software
2
Software and Types of Software
3
System Software
4
Application Software
5
Freeware and Shareware
6
Open-source software
7
Accessing BIOS
8
Programs and Services
9
Quiz
10 questions
10
Handouts

Networking

1
Welcome to Networking
2
How Computers Communicate?
3
IP address (Static vs. DHCP)
4
TCP/IP
5
Gateway
6
Subnet Mask
7
Computer MAC Address
8
OSI Layer
9
OSI vs. TCP/IP
10
LAN, MAN and WAN
11
Protocols and Ports
12
Types of Network Devices (Hub, Switch, Modem, Router, Access point)
13
How Internet Works
14
Quiz
20 questions
15
Handouts

Database

1
Welcome to Database
2
Introduction to Database
3
What is RDBMS?
4
What is SQL?
5
Top 5 RDBMS using SQL
6
Quiz
5 questions
7
Handouts

Storage

1
Welcome to Storage
2
What is Computer Storage?
3
How Storage is Calculated (KB, MB, GB et.c)
4
Types of Computer Storage
5
Difference Between RAM, SWAP, Virtual Memory, Cache etc.
6
Hard Disk and Solid-State Drives
7
RAID
8
Hardware RAID vs. Software RAID
9
Top Data Storage Vendors
10
Quiz
10 questions
11
Handouts

Virtualization and Cloud

1
Welcome to Virtualization and Cloud
2
What is virtualization
3
How Virtualization works?
4
Basic Virtualization Terms
5
Benefits of Virtualization
6
Difference Between Virtualization and Cloud
7
Virtualization Technology Companies
8
VMWare Workstation Player Installation
9
Oracle VirtualBox Installation
10
Setting up Virtual Machines
11
Quiz
10 questions
12
Handouts

Computer Security

1
Welcome to Computer Security
2
Types of Security Breach
3
Types of Security Threat
4
Comparing house security with computer security
5
Securing all Operating Systems
6
Security Implementation Tools
7
Physical Server Security
8
Application and DB Encryption
9
Quiz
7 questions
10
Handouts

Windows Operating Systems Management

1
Welcome to Windows OS Management
2
Versions of Windows OS
3
Download and Install Windows
4
Windows System Access
5
FileSystem and Its Description
6
User Account Management
7
System Resource Monitoring (Task Manager)
8
Windows Event Logs
9
Server Manager Dashboard
10
Check System Hardware (Device Manager)
11
Roles and Featues
12
What is Domain Controller?
13
Domain Controller and Active Directory
14
Quiz
10 questions
15
Handouts

Linux Operating System Management

1
Welcome to Linux Operating System Management
2
Linux Distributions
3
Download and Install Linux (CentOS)
4
Accessing Linux
5
Download and Install Putty
6
Access Linux via Putty
7
FileSystem Structure and Description
8
File System Navigation Commands
9
Directory Listing Overview
10
Creating Files and Directories
11
System Utility Commands (date, uptime, hostname, uname, which, cal, bc) – DONE
12
System Monitoring Commands (top, df, dmesg, iostat 1, netstat, free)
13
System Maintenance Commands (shutdown, reboot, halt, init)
14
Quiz
11 questions
15
Handouts

Troubleshooting Concepts

1
Welcome to Troubleshooting Concepts
2
Follow Policies and Standards
3
Documentation or Ticketing Process
4
Patience to work with the Users or group
5
Get Online Help
6
Understand the Issue Before Making a Decision
7
Tracing System Logs
8
Congratulations
9
Quiz
2 questions
10
Handouts

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